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From The Blog

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Fifteen years ago, the relationship between Saudi Arabia, homeland of Islam, and the United States was cool at best. Opportunities for Christians to live there were limited and difficult. Thirteen years ago, with the violence of 9/11,... read more
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Unreached People Group Communities

As a follow-up on the ethNYcity people profiles below, we have identified 69 unreached/least-reached people group communities in Metro New York. These communities are often “hidden” from Christian interaction and engagement. Please consider printing off the .pdf version and regularly praying for these communities in your home, small group, or church. 69 Most Significant Unreached People Group Communities in Metro New York. For more information on regularly praying for specific people group communities, visit

The ethNYcity people profiles below (and on our app and widgets) feature the most significant ethnic groups in Metro New York. As a result, not all of these are unreached, but the ones that have a significant Christian presence can play a vital role in reaching out to unreached peoples in Metro New York.

People Profiles

Bukharan Jews in Metro New York

Place of Origin: Uzbekistan (primarily Tashkent, Bukhara, and Samarkand); Tajikistan (Dushanbe); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzst
Location in Metro New York: Queens (Forest Hills, Rego Park, Lefrak City)
Population in Metro New York: 50,000 (Community Estimate)
Population in New York City:
Primary Religion: Judaism (Sephardic)
Secondary Religion:
Status of Christian Witness: Less than 2% evangelical. Some evangelical re- sources available, but no active church planting within the past two years.
Primary Languages: Russian, Bukhori, English

Bio: "We hate the word 'melting pot," Aron Aronov claimed, reflecting on his people's disposition regarding American assimilation. Aronov, who is often called the Mayor of Queensistan, has received the unusual moniker because of his arduous activism for preserving the culture, language, and heritage of his people, the Bukharan Jews, who have migrated en masse to Queens from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Bukharan Jews, also known as Bukharian and Bukharic Jews, are believed to be descendants of Israelites who were exiled to Babylonia in 586 BC. Having later come under the influence of the Persians, Bukharan Jews today speak a language called Bukhori, which is similar to Tajik Persian, with a trace of Hebrew and Russian. For over two thousand years, Bukharan Jews were one of the most isolated Jewish groups in the world. Eventually settling in the region of Bukhara in Central Asia due to, among other reasons, commercial opportunities along the Silk Road, Jews from this region came to be known as "Bukharan Jews." While only a few hundred are left in Central Asia today, an estimated 50 thousand now call Metro New York home, making it the largest concentration of Bukharan Jews in the world and home to one-fourth of the world's Bukharan Jewish population.

When Did They Come to New York? The biblical exile led the Bukharan Jews to settle along the great commercial route called the Silk Road; the new exile has led them to one of the greatest commercial centers in the world, New York City. The immigration primarily started in the 1960s, and the first Bukharan Jewish synagogue in Queens was founded in 1965. Bukharan Jewish immigration continued sporadically until the disintegration of the Soviet Union. In newly formed countries such as Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, increased nationalism, xenophobia, and Islamic fundamentalism led to a mass exodus throughout the 1990s of most Bukharan Jews still in Central Asia. During the different waves of immigration to New York, some Bukharan Jews came directly from Central Asia, while others came via Israel.

Where Do They Live? With such a concentration of Bukharan Jews along 108th Street in Forest Hills, the street has been dubbed "Bukharan Broadway," and neighboring Rego Park has been dubbed "Regostan," both, of course, part of "Queensistan." The Bukharan Jews are so concentrated in the borough that Queens College actually started a Bukharan Jewish history and culture class in 2010.

What Do They Believe? Now that freedom to practice their religion has been realized, many Bukharan Jews have used the opportunity not only to embrace their distinct religious identity but also to gain knowledge of Orthodox traditions normally associated with the Ashkenazi branch of Judaism. As the Bukharan Jewish community's chief rabbi explains, "About twenty percent of the community are Orthodox, sixty percent are traditional but not necessarily observant, and twenty percent are unaffiliated." Despite the influence of Ashkenazi Orthodoxy in Queens, Bukharans (while being Mizrahi like many other Jews from Central Asia) still practice Sephardic Judaism. Most Bukharan Jews are very superstitious and do not question their rabbis, which is one reason why their distinct religious rites and customs have been preserved. Although evangelistic Bible studies are occurring with Bukharan Jews, some of whom have become believers; there is still no Bukharan Christian church or messianic synagogue in Metro New York.

What Are Their Lives Like? Almost nightly, the Bukharan restaurants in Queens convert into party halls, usually celebrating someone's birthday, wedding, bar mitzvah, or a Jewish holiday. If a Bukharan family is wealthy enough, these parties take place in their large mansions, which house multiple generations of families under one roof. While the Bukharan community has its share of unemployed people with limited English skills, a super-wealthy class has emerged as well, primarily from working in the jewelry industry.

Significant Notes:

  • By far the most visible Bukharan adherent to Orthodox Judaism is Lubavitcher Lev Leviev, a diamond cutter who is one of the world's wealthiest Jews and biggest philanthropists, donating millions to Chabad Lubavitch and Bukharan causes.
  • Many Bukharan Jews are more comfortable in Russian than they are Bukhori, which leads people to confuse them with "Russian Jews."
  • The language of Bukhori is having a small revival in Queens, where a Bukharan theater regularly performs plays in Bukhori.

How To Pray: Although Queens is the most strategic place in the world to share the gospel with Bukharan Jews, there are only a couple of workers among them. Pray that God would send laborers. Pray for the first church or messianic synagogue to be started among the Bukharan Jews.