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Unreached People Group Communities

As a follow-up on the ethNYcity people profiles below, we have identified 69 unreached/least-reached people group communities in Metro New York. These communities are often “hidden” from Christian interaction and engagement. Please consider printing off the .pdf version and regularly praying for these communities in your home, small group, or church. 69 Most Significant Unreached People Group Communities in Metro New York. For more information on regularly praying for specific people group communities, visit

The ethNYcity people profiles below (and on our app and widgets) feature the most significant ethnic groups in Metro New York. As a result, not all of these are unreached, but the ones that have a significant Christian presence can play a vital role in reaching out to unreached peoples in Metro New York.

People Profiles

Gorsky-Kavkazi in Metro New York

Place of Origin: Caucasus Mountain region (former Soviet Republics of Dagestan, Chechnya, Azerbaijan)
Location in Metro New York: Brooklyn (Flatbush)
Population in Metro New York: 10,000 (Community Estimate)
Population in New York City:
Primary Religion: Judaism (Sephardic)
Secondary Religion:
Status of Christian Witness: Less than 2% evangelical. Some evangelical re- sources available, but no active church planting within the past 2 years.
Primary Languages: Russian, Judeo-Tat, English

Bio: "You know you're Gorsky when...." This lighthearted entry on a Gorsky-Kavkazi Facebook page provides some humorous insights about this community of ten thousand living in Flatbush, Brooklyn. Answers include such tidbits as "You have thirty cousins" and "Your parents drink six cups of tea a day." For those who have never heard of the Gorsky-Kavkazi, just figuring out what to call them is an achievement! In the US they are typically known as "Mountain Jews", a loose translation of the Russian name "Gorsky-Kavkazi." As the Facebook page shows, they often simply go by "Gorsky" or "Kavkazi," the word for their ancestral homeland in the Caucasus Mountains. To add to the confusion, they call themselves "Juhuro" in their native language, Judeo-Tat, which is a version of ancient Persian with Hebrew mixed in. The Gorsky-Kavkazi claim to be descendents of the Jews taken captive by the Babylonian Empire in 586 BC. The Babylonians were later conquered by the Medo-Persians. In the sixth century AD, a Persian king sent many Jews to reinforce his northern border in the rugged Caucasus, where they settled among the native Aryan and Muslim tribes. In 1869, the Gorsky-Kavkazi helped the Russians defeat Islamic armies that wanted an independent Sharia state in the Caucasus. In return, they were spared the anti-Semitic persecution experienced by the Russian Jews. When the Soviets took over the Caucasus region in 1926, the Gorsky-Kavkazi were incorporated into the Soviet republics of Dagestan, Chechnya, and Azerbaijan. Since the Soviet Union's collapse, most of the Gorsky-Kavkazi population has left the Caucasus for Moscow, Israel, or the US.

When Did They Come to New York? While they could have chosen to live in Israel, the group of Gorsky-Kavkazis who came to Metro New York in the mid-1990s was seeking a safe place for their children to grow up. The break-up of the Soviet Union brought conflict to the Caucasus. By the early 1990s, Azerbaijan was at war with Armenia, Chechnya was fighting for independence, and Dagestan was a hotbed of crime and kidnapping. Deciding to come to Metro New York instead of Israel was a choice for peace. As one man said, "Why leave one war zone for another?"

Where Do They Live? "You know you are Gorsky have relatives who live on Ocean Parkway!" The largest Gorsky-Kavkazi community in the US is in Flatbush, Brooklyn, between Beverly Road and Avenue I along Ocean Parkway. Metro New York's only Gorsky-Kavkazi cultural center and synagogue, named Beit Knesset Ohr Hamizrah, is at the intersection of Avenue C and Ocean Parkway.

What Do They Believe? "All our customs come straight from the Torah," most Gorsky-Kavkazis claim although scholars see influences of Zoroastrianism in some of their superstitions, stemming from their roots in ancient Persia. The Gorsky-Kavkazis occupy an interesting place on the continuum of Jewish communities in Metro New York. With their mystical approach to Judaism, they are much like Hasidim, but living under Soviet secularism made them less rigid about following all the mitzvots (commandments) and more accepting of the nonreligious in their community. However, because they held fast to their religious traditions during the Soviet years, they retained far more of their faith and culture than the Russian Jews. Only a handful of Messianic believers are known.

What Are Their Lives Like? "You know you are a Gorsky least one person in your family is a taxi driver!" Like many new immigrants, Gorsky-Kavkazis take any job available to provide for their families, expecting their hard work to be rewarded when their children become doctors, lawyers, and accountants. "The Gorsky-Kavkazi are an extremely tight-knit community, where everyone knows each other and each other's business," said Diana, who works at the Gorsky-Kavkazi Cultural Center. "We take care of one another," she continued. "When I need advice, I can ask anyone."

Significant Notes:

  • There are approximately 100,000 Gorsky-Kavkazi people in the world. Half live in Israel and 25% in the US.
  • The Gorsky-Kavkazi are Mizrahi Jews, or "Eastern Jews." Because they practice rites similar to Sephardic Jews, they are usually identified under the term "Sephardim."
  • While owning and farming land was forbidden for most of the Jewish Diaspora, the Gorsky-Kavkazi were renowned farmers, growing rice and tobacco, and raising silk-worms. The Jewish vineyards were famous, even though their Muslim neighbors were prohibited from consuming wine. The Soviets forced the Gorsky-Kavkazi onto collective farms but allowed them to keep their traditional ways of growing grapes and making wine.

How To Pray: The Gorsky-Kavkazi are largely unnoticed by Christians in Metro New York, even among ministries to Jewish people. Pray for believers to befriend and tell them of Jesus, the Messiah.