Unreached People Group Communities
As a follow-up on the ethNYcity people profiles below, we have identified 69 unreached/least-reached people group communities in Metro New York. These communities are often “hidden” from Christian interaction and engagement. Please consider printing off the .pdf version and regularly praying for these communities in your home, small group, or church. 69 Most Significant Unreached People Group Communities in Metro New York. For more information on regularly praying for specific people group communities, visit globalgates.info/prayer.
The ethNYcity people profiles below (and on our app and widgets) feature the most significant ethnic groups in Metro New York. As a result, not all of these are unreached, but the ones that have a significant Christian presence can play a vital role in reaching out to unreached peoples in Metro New York.
Salvadorans in Metro New York
Place of Origin: El Salvador
Location in Metro New York: Nassau and Suffolk Counties in Long Island (Hempstead, Brentwood, New Cassel); New Jersey (Union City, West New York)
Population in Metro New York: 216,582 (ACS 2010 Specific Origin El Salvador); 149,605 (ACS 2010 Born in El Salvador)
Population in New York City: 43,325 (ACS 2010 Specific Origin El Salvador); 28,849 (ACS 2010 Born in El Salvador)
Primary Religion: Christianity (Roman Catholic)
Secondary Religion: Christianity (evangelical)
Status of Christian Witness: Greater than or equal to 5% evangelical. Less than 10% evangelical.
Primary Languages: Spanish, indigenous languages (e.g., K’iche’, Mam, Kaqchikel),
Bio: “Pick me! Pick me!” the men shout at the building contractors circling the Home Depot parking lot in Hempstead, Long Island. Because of their limited English and undocumented status, working as day laborers is one of the few ways Salvadoran immigrants can earn money. When the economy was booming, they were picked every day and made up to $800 a week. Now they are lucky to get a couple of work days per week. Most of the money goes to family in El Salvador. In 2008, $3.8 billion was sent, the highest amount ever recorded. While the Long Island suburbs may seem like an unusual place to find a community of 100 thousand Salvadorans, Hempstead became a magnet for them in the 1980s, mainly because rural Salvadorans preferred it to the city and it offered an abundance of service jobs. However, life in the suburbs has not been easy. Anti-immigrant sentiment is prevalent, and there is significant racial conflict. With the US economy faltering, stress and difficulties have only increased for the “suburban” Salvadorans.
When Did They Come to New York? A large amount of Salvadorans began arriving in Metro New York in 1980 with the start of El Salvador’s civil war. Since US policy did not allow them to enter legally, they came secretly. Most of the early arrivals were men fleeing the death squads. After they were legalized by the 1986 Amnesty Act, they brought their families. With El Salvador’s economy still struggling, thousands of people risk entering the US illegally for the chance to earn money to support their families back home.
Where Do They Live? Long Island has the largest concentration of Salvadorans in Metro New York. This is unique, because the vast majority bypassed the city—the typical entry place for immigrants—to settle in the suburbs. Hempstead, in Nassau County, is Metro New York’s “Little El Salvador.” Salvadoran businesses line Franklin Avenue in Hempstead and Suffolk Avenue in nearby Brentwood in Suffolk County. Union City and West New York in New Jersey form the second largest community in the New York Metro area, with an estimated 20,000 Salvadorans clustered around Bergenline Avenue. Smaller numbers have assimilated into other Latino neighborhoods, such as Washington Heights and East New York, Brooklyn.
What Do They Believe? “People are searching for something different when they come here,” said David, a longtime Salvadoran resident of Brentwood. El Salvador, named for “Christ the Savior,” has historically been a Catholic country. Today, evangelicals are a third of the population. In Metro New York, an estimated seventy-five percent of Salvadorans are Catholic and five percent, evangelical. Most Catholics attend Mass regularly, but as David suggested, coming to the US breaks the connection for many. Some tension exists between the two groups. One Catholic ministry leader said she wished for “a van to pick people up for church like the Pentecostals.” Evangelical leaders suggest there are thirty to forty churches in Metro New York, mainly Pentecostal, where Salvadoran evangelicals worship.
What Are Their Lives Like? “Potentially, there could be a lot of homeless in this community—but no,” said one local church leader. “Salvadorans take care of each other, even when it is inconvenient for them.” Salvadorans are known for being hardworking, reserved people, whose lives re volve around their community. Typically, several families will share one house together, while single men will crowd into an apartment, working and sleeping in shifts. Because so many Salvadorans are undocumented, they are often suspicious of outsiders. Gangs, led by former Salvadoran militia leaders, have become a problem on Long Island, as they aggressively recruit high school students and start violent turf wars in the neighborhoods.
- About 25% of the population of El Salvador left the country during the civil war.
- An estimated one million Salvadorans fled to the US during the war. Today, the total number is thought to be 3.2 million.
- Approximately one-third of Salvadorans in the US are undocumented.
- Pentecostal and Catholic churches are the most active in ministry among Salvadorans in Metro New York.
How To Pray: Salvadorans have basic needs such as learning English and finding work. Pray that Christians will join outreach ministries to help, build friendships, and share the love of Christ. Many Salvadorans associate immigration with starting a new life. Pray that those who do not know Christ would start a new life with Him.